What Is Forming | Types of Forming | Forming Process in Manufacturing | Metal Forming Processes | Forming Operations

What is forming

What is forming?

Fabrication is a mechanical process used in manufacturing industries in which materials (mostly metals) undergo plastic deformation and obtain the shapes and sizes required by the application of appropriate stresses, such as compression, shear, and tension.

In the process of making, no material is removed; It is completely displaced and deformed to the required shape. Some of the processes commonly used in the manufacturing industry are:

  • Forging
  • Rolling
  • Extrusion
  • Thread rolling
  • Rotary swaging
  • Explosive forming
  • Electromagnetic forming

Also, Read: What Is Magneto Ignition System | How Does an Ignition System Work | How Does a Magneto Work | What Does a Magneto Do | Magneto Ignition System

Types of Forming

Types of Forming

In the last few years, there has been a considerable increase in the adoption of automated machine tools, with increasing investment in the industrial manufacturing sector.

Not only will productivity increase, but automation of manufacturing processes helps professionals to be quite efficient and flexible during emergencies and also helps prioritize overall workflows.

  • Closed/impression die forging
  • Electro-upsetting
  • Forward extrusion
  • Backward extrusion
  • Radial forging
  • Hobbing
  • Isothermal forging
  • Open-die forging
  • Upsetting
  • Nosing
  • Coining

Commonly used materials include

  • Ferrous materials: low carbon steels
  • Nonferrous materials: copper, aluminum, and their alloys

Also, Read: What Is Sigma Comparator | Construction of Sigma Comparator | Applications of Sigma Comparator | Advantages of Sigma Comparator | Disadvantages of Sigma Comparator

Forming process in manufacturing


  • Production includes all types of manufacturing processes.
  • There are many methods of manufacturing, such as metal casting, metal fabrication, metal machining, metal joining, and finishing.
  • Due to the increasing adoption of robotics and automated equipment, the market development of the metal forming machine process is expected to grow positively in the coming years, in particular, in the manufacturing sector.
  • Manufacturing companies can manage high-quality processes because automation removes the scope of human error and affects the overall quality of production.
  • The market for metal forming machine processes is currently marginally fragmented due to the presence of metal forming machine tool manufacturers bringing advanced technologies to offer better products for end-user industries.
  • A complete analysis of the competitive landscape of the market and information on products offered by companies will help customers to identify new competitive opportunities and to design new growth strategies to improve market shares in this competitive environment.
  • Metal forming and machining are two major methods to convert raw materials into a product. Changing the shape of a material by permanent plastic deformation is best defined as metal forming.
  • The only advantage of the metals forming process is that there will be no dissipation of raw materials, faster production rates, and better mechanical properties of the product.

Also, Read: What Is a Comparator | Types of Comparators

Metal Forming Processes

  • Metal Fabrication: Large set of manufacturing processes in which materials are deformed To take the shape of fast die geometry. Equipment used for such deformation, Depending on the type of process, dye, punch, etc., is called.
  • Plastic Deformation: the stress is beyond the yield strength of the workpiece material they wanted.
  •  Categories: Wholesale Metal Forming, Sheet Metal Forming.

Metal forming processes

Also, Read: What Is Boliler? | Types of Boiler | Steam Boiler | How Boiler Work | Boiler Operation | Boilers Diagram | How Does a Steam Boiler Work

Forming Operations

  • Fine farming begins with an intermediate part constructed by casting, forging, or stamping. This process prepares the firearms component for final surface finishing and assembly.
  • The majority of the operations of these metals fall under the general subject of machining. Machining describes every operation in which a dynamic tool removes metal to achieve final dimensions. In machining, a sharp metal tool or abrasive surface is refined and reduces the intermediate part to the desired form and dimensions.
  • The surface of the tool should be harder than the size.
  • The machining operation produces heat, which, if not controlled, will destroy the expensive tooling and potentially damage the intermediate part.

Type of Forming Operations

The type of Forming Operations is as follows

  • Rolling
  • Forging
  • Extrusion
  • Wire Drawing
  • Roll forming
  • Roll Forming

#1. Rolling:

Makes sheet metal (hot or cold)



#2. Forging:

Makes strong solid parts (hot or cold)

makes strong solid parts (hot or cold)

#3. Extrusion:

Makes complex cross-sections from soft metals and plastics (hot)

makes complex cross-sections from soft metals and plastics (hot)

#4. Wire Drawing:

Makes a strong small dia. Wire (hot or cold)

Makes strong small dia. Wire (hot or cold)

#5. Roll Forming (Hot):

Moves bulk metal, makes I-beams

Roll forming (Hot): Moves bulk metal, makes I-beams

#6. Roll Forming (Cold):

Bends sheet metal into complex cross-sections

Bends sheetmetal into complex cross-sections

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Sheet Metal Forming Processes

When making sheet metals, however, companies often use one or more of the following forming processes.

  1. Curling:- Curling is a sheet metal forming process that’s used to smooth out the otherwise sharp & rugged edges of sheet metal.
  2. Bending:- Another common sheet metal forming process is bending. Companies typically perform bending on sheets of metal using either a brake press or a similar machine press.
  3. Ironing:-Sheet metal may as well be ironed to achieve a uniform thickness. Most aluminum can, for instance, is made of ironed aluminum.
  4. Laser Cutting:- Laser cutting has become an increasingly common sheet metal forming process in recent years. With laser cutting, sheet metals are exposed to a high-powered laser that burns holes in the metal.
  5. Hydroforming:- A lesser-known sheet metal forming process is hydroforming. Like deep drawing, hydroforming involves stretching blanks over a die.
  6. Punching:-Finally, punching is a sheet metal forming process that involves the use of a punch & dies set to create holes in sheet metal. Sheets metal is placed between the punch & die.

Sheet Metal Processes

When making sheet metals, however, companies often use one or more of the following forming processes.

  1. Curling:
  2. Bending:
  3. Ironing:
  4. Laser Cutting:
  5. Hydroforming:
  6. Punching:

Sheet Metal Forming

Sheet metal forming is a process where pieces of sheet metal are modified to their geometry rather than removing any materials. The applied process generates a force that stresses the material to deform. This in turn gives the possibility to bend och stretch the sheet to a variety of complex shapes.

Forming Metal

Metal forming is a fabrication process that creates structural parts and components out of metal sheets or tubing. A basic metal forming process will bend or deform a metal workpiece to a desired geometric shape.

Metal Forming Techniques

Typically, metal forming processes can be classified into two broad groups. One is bulk-forming and the other is sheet metal forming. Bulk deformation refers to the use of raw materials for forming which have a low surface area to volume ratio. Rolling, forging, extrusion, and drawing are bulk forming processes.

Metal Forming

Metal forming is a process where materials are subjected to plastic deformation to obtain the required size, shape, and/or change the physical and chemical properties. Metal forming is divided into two groups, bulk-forming, and sheet forming.

Forming Process

Forming is a mechanical process used in manufacturing industries wherein materials (mostly metals) undergo plastic deformations and acquire required shapes and sizes by application of suitable stresses such as compression, shear, and tension.

What Is Metal Forming?

Forming, also known as “metal forming,” includes a wide range of manufacturing processes in which metal is deformed into a required shape by the application of suitable stresses. To make the metal plastically deformed, forces must be applied that are greater than the yield strength of the metals.

Like this post? Share it with your friends!

Suggested Read –

2 thoughts on “What Is Forming | Types of Forming | Forming Process in Manufacturing | Metal Forming Processes | Forming Operations”

Leave a Comment