How Do Aircraft Brakes Work | How Aircraft Brakes Work | Brake Design | Aircraft Brakes

Aircraft Brakes Work

How Aircraft Brakes Work?

  • The most common type of disc brake used on aircraft is. Upon receiving a command signal for the brake to depress a foot pedal from the pilot or from the auto brake system, the actuators in the brake move a piston to squeeze the disc together, creating a friction force that causes the wheel’s rotation.
  • Slows down disc brake function by tapping the friction between rotating and stationary discs inside the brake.
  • The friction between the discs generates heat because the kinetic energy of the plane is converted into heat energy.
  • During RTO stops, the carbon disc brake temperature can exceed 1,800 ° C.
  • In this function, the brake acts as a heat sink, which absorbs a tremendous amount of heat while flowing the kinetic energy of the aircraft.


  • The disks are mounted on a carrier assembly consisting of a torque tube, which transports and divides the brake torque into the sine gear structure.
  • The carriers are arranged in an alternating pattern of pixels, disc rotors, and stator simultaneously between the assembly housing and a support plate.
  • The notch around the perimeter of each rotor fits into the wheel incompatibility, allowing the rotors to move to the wheel so that they rotate with it.
  • The stator is attached to the torque tube and thus kept constant as the torque tube is connected to the axle and N gear structure.
  • Braking occurs because the piston force squeezes the disc together.
  • Cylindrical spaces within the carrier assembly hold the actuator piston. During each piece of the brake, the disc material is worn away by friction.
  • The wear indicator in the form of a pin that exits the carrier assembly indicates the thickness of the disk stack.
  • In more than hundreds of brake connections, the material fades away and the discs become thinner, requiring adaptation after periodic maintenance intervals.

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Brake Design

  • Considerations of the primary design for aircraft brakes include the number of disks, the diameter of the disc, and the material of the disc.
  • A key design point around which aircraft brakes are designed is the worst case of rejected takeoff (RTO) at maximum rolling speed V1, known as the decision speed.
  • In this situation, the brake needs to absorb more energy than in any other scenario. Above V1, a takeoff could not be safely canceled without the serious risk of an airplane stopping before the end of the runway.

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Aircraft Brakes

Aircraft Brakes

  • Many aircraft have no brake system to slow down and stop the aircraft while it is on the ground.
  • Instead, they rely on friction developed by the tail skid to slow down, soften airfield surfaces, and reduce speed during ground operation.
  • Brake systems designed for aircraft became common after World War I as aircraft speed, and speed increased, and the use of smooth, paved runway surfaces began to increase rapidly. The brakes knock the aircraft down and stop in due time.
  • They keep the aircraft stationary during engine run-ups and, in many cases, steer the aircraft during a taxi.
  • All modern aircraft are equipped with brakes. For the safe operation of aircraft on the ground, their proper functioning is dependent on.
  • In most aircraft, each main wheel is equipped with a brake unit. There is no break in the nose wheel or tail wheel.
  • In typical brake systems, mechanical and/or linkages to the hull paddles allow the pilot to control the brakes.
  • The basic operation of the brake involves modifying the kinetic energy of the motion into heat energy through the creation of friction.
  • Pushing the top of the pedal to the right hull activates the brake on the right main wheel (S), and pushing on top of the left tapered paddle operates the brake on the left main wheel (S).
  • A large amount of heat develops and forces demand on the brake system components.
  • Proper adjustment, care, and maintenance of the brakes is essential for effective operation.

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How Do Aircraft Brakes Work?

How do aircraft brakes work

  • Aircraft brakes prevent a momentum plane by modifying its kinetic energy into heat energy through friction between rotating and stationary disks located in brake assemblies in rooms.
  • It also stops the aircraft’s speed when the aircraft is braking, limiting its speed during taxiing, and can even help the aircraft to land by applying different levels of the left and right brakes.
  • During breakpoints, provide this important stopping function to enable the airplane to stop within the length of the runway.
  • They intercept aircraft during a rejected takeoff event, cancelling an unsuccessful takeoff as the airplane is rolling down the runway before it is engulfed by engine fog, tire bursts, folding of other systems, or Must be above ground due to direction from air traffic control.

How do aircraft brakes work

  • Aircraft brakes work in conjunction with other brake mechanisms such as thrust river, air brake, and spoiler.
  • Air brakes and spoilers are flight control surfaces that create additional aerodynamic dragging when deployed in the air passageway around the aircraft.
  • Thrust reversers are surfaces that are positioned in the path of the engine from the engine to the jethouse, re-directing the propulsive thrust in a direction opposing the motion of the aircraft.

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How Aircraft Brakes Work?

Aircraft brakes stop a moving aircraft by converting its kinetic energy to heat energy by means of friction between rotating and stationary discs located in brake assemblies in the wheels.

Aircraft brakes work in conjunction with other brake mechanisms such as thrust reversers, air brakes, and spoilers.

Brake Design

The diameter of the brake disc is decided by considering the maximum amount of braking torque that would be applied to a disc.

The area of application of clamping force by caliper and thereby frictional force generated on the disc is the major factor in design. The disc is designed considering the above two factors.

Aircraft Brake System

Aircraft braking systems include: Aircraft disc brakes in the landing gear, used to brake the wheels while touching the ground. These brakes are operated hydraulically or pneumatically. In most modern aircraft, they are activated by the top section of the rudder pedals (“toe brakes”).

Speed Brakes in Aircraft

Speedbrakes are high drag devices that are fitted to almost all high-performance military aircraft as well as to some commercial aircraft types. In most cases, speed brakes are fuselage-mounted panels that, when selected by the pilot, extend into the airstream to produce drag.

Aircraft Brakes

All modern commercial aircraft have automatic brake systems. Just like a car, these systems also have an anti-lock braking system (ABS) that prevents the tires from sliding down a wet runway.

The advantage of the automatic brake system is that the aircraft brakes comfortably at a constant deceleration.

How Do Aircraft Brakes Work?

When a pilot pushes the top of the right pedal, it activates the brakes on the right main wheel/wheels, and when the pilot pushes the top of the left rudder pedal, it activates the brake on the left main wheel/wheels.

The brakes work in a rather simple way: they convert the kinetic energy of motion into heat energy.

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